How old is Wedding?

2
Weddingstraße Schild

Wed­ding isn’t up and com­ing – and neit­her was it in the Midd­le Ages. It was only after the vil­la­ge of Wed­ding no lon­ger exis­ted that the name was first recor­ded in 1251. Wed­ding never beca­me a pro­per far­ming vil­la­ge, but read for yourself.



The first mention of ‘Wedding’


In 1253, owner Rit­ter von Kare sold “a mill wit­hin the area of the vil­la­ge, which was cal­led Wed­din­ge, built on the river by the name of Pan­kow,” to the Bene­dic­ti­ne con­vent of Span­dau for 21 pounds of sil­ver. So, at this time, the pre­vious­ly sett­led vil­la­ge of Wed­ding beca­me again “deso­la­te”. But whe­re did the name Wed­ding come from? Most likely from its founder.

The naming of a new­ly foun­ded vil­la­ge after a vas­sal of the Mar­gra­ve was com­mon at this time, just as it was in Karow (de Kare) and Ste­glitz. In this case it was pro­bab­ly a ser­vant of the Asca­ni­an Mar­gra­ves named Rudol­phus de Wed­din­ge, who came from west of Mag­de­burg whe­re the­re are other vil­la­ges by the name of Wed­din­gen. The­re is a record of Rudolph’s name in Span­dau from 1197. So Wed­ding, his names­a­ke, is likely to have emer­ged some­time around 1200. In 1289, at which time the vil­la­ge had disap­peared, Mar­gra­ve Otto IV gave a manor “Up den Wed­ding*” with its accom­pany­ing land to the city of Berlin.

A little bit of agriculture


Schmales Handtuch, Müllerstraße, Wedding, historisch
Pho­to: Mül­ler­stra­ße, 1891
Old bw-pho­to: a small house at the roadsi­de near a field


In 1289, “the real fief­dom” of Wed­ding was left to the citi­zens of Ber­lin. Howe­ver, the Ber­li­ners made not­hing out of this unwan­ted gift and the san­dy area quick­ly beca­me over­grown. They ins­tead hel­ped them­sel­ves to fire­wood from this “Ber­lin city heath”. Fish far­ming is also said to have taken place in ponds, and bees and pigs were also likely to have been kept the­re. Inci­dent­al­ly, no archaeo­lo­gi­cal fin­dings of the vil­la­ge, mill or manor of Wed­ding have been pro­ven until recent­ly so alt­hough we do not know whe­re Wed­ding was pre­cise­ly loca­ted, we suspect it to be on Wed­ding­stra­ße. Only some rou­tes that ran through the cen­ter are known to this day: the Heer­stras­se to Rup­pin (today’s Mül­ler­stras­se), the Bad­stras­se and the path to Pan­kow (today rough­ly the Pankstrasse/Prinzenallee).

The Vorwerk Wedding

(Pho­to: The Vor­werk Wed­ding in 1890)

It was not until cen­tu­ries later that the­re was ano­t­her attempt to use this bar­ren area for agri­cul­tu­re. In 1601, Count Schlick von Pas­sau und Weiß­kir­chen acqui­red fif­ty pie­ces of farm­land and mea­dows north of Ber­lin and deve­lo­ped inten­si­ve live­stock far­ming and a sheep farm bet­ween today’s Net­tel­beck­platz and Wed­ding­stra­ße. Short­ly after, Elec­tor Joa­chim Fried­rich took over the esta­te and trans­for­med it into the Wed­ding Vor­werk – ther­eby pre­ser­ving the ori­gi­nal name for the area, Wed­ding. This came under elec­to­ral admi­nis­tra­ti­on in 1648, and Wed­ding no lon­ger belon­ged to the Ber­lin agri­cul­tu­ral district. In 1722, King Fre­de­rick Wil­liam I gave up direct manage­ment of the esta­te, and it retur­ned to civil owners­hip. The Vor­werk con­sis­ted of a four-win­ged com­plex and final­ly disap­peared around 1900 due to incre­a­sing land speculation.


What remains?

(Photo: The district's coat of arms, formed in 1920, drawing on the village's history)


What remains of Wed­ding befo­re 1861, when the sub­urb was offi­cial­ly incor­po­ra­ted into Ber­lin? Alt­hough the face of the Pan­ke has chan­ged, it still flows – as it has sin­ce living memo­ry. Wed­ding­platz (pre­vious­ly: Kirch­platz) and Wed­ding­stra­ße have bor­ne their names sin­ce the first half of the 19th cen­tu­ry. Wed­ding­stra­ße was crea­ted at the request of the Ber­lin magis­tra­te in 1817 bet­ween the Vor­werk farm­s­tead and the gar­den of the Vor­werk. The district’s coat of arms, crea­ted in 1920, har­kens back to the village’s histo­ry, refer­ring to the fami­ly coat of arms ‘von Wed­din­ge’. During the district reform of 2001, the district of Wed­ding was anne­xed to the district of Mit­te and divi­ded by Rei­ni­cken­dor­fer Stra­ße. For no real rea­son, the heart of Wed­ding was torn apart becau­se the sec­tion of the district cal­led “Wed­ding” lies com­ple­te­ly out­side (west) of the pre­su­med loca­ti­on of both the vil­la­ge Wed­ding and the Vor­werk Wed­ding. The area of the vil­la­ge and Vor­werk Wed­ding now lies in the district of Gesund­brun­nen – a com­ple­te­ly unhis­to­ri­cal divi­si­on of the district, which still wounds the soul of every true Weddinger.

Wed­ding is as old as Ber­lin, even though it was clo­se to disap­pearing com­ple­te­ly, and its name may only have been dis­co­ve­r­ed in a docu­ment dating 1251. 

*and that’s whe­re the expres­si­on “Auf dem Wed­ding” comes from, which is still known today

Trans­la­ti­on: Fio­na Nugent

Joachim Faust

hat 2011 den Blog gegründet. Heute leitet er das Projekt Weddingweiser. Mag die Ortsteile Wedding und Gesundbrunnen gleichermaßen.

2 Comments

  1. Es ist mir völ­lig unver­ständ­lich war­um ein inter­es­sant er Bei­trag in Fremd­spra­che ver­öf­fent­licht wird,oder sind wir schon so hipp,das es ohne nicht mehr ehr geht?
    Scha­de um den Beitrag
    WOlf­gang Malinowski

    • Wie­so? Den Bei­trag gibt es auch auf Deutsch. Wenn ihn jemand ger­ne für uns über­setzt, damit auch Men­schen, die nicht so gut deutsch ver­ste­hen, etwas davon haben, was spricht dage­gen? Ber­lin ist nun mal eine Weltstadt.

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Your email address will not be published.

Diese Website verwendet Akismet, um Spam zu reduzieren. Erfahre mehr darüber, wie deine Kommentardaten verarbeitet werden.